An age-old question — see what I did there? — among APBRmetricians is trying to understand how aging affects players. Consider this post my first contribution to the discussion.
I calculated the distance metric that I introduced in a recent post for the 10,000 or so player seasons since the 3-pt shot was instituted. I then divided these seasons into four groups by age, as follows:
- "very young" (18-21)
- "young" (22-25)
- "prime" (26-29)
- "old" (30+)
For each group, I used the lme4 package to create a mixed-effects model. Here is an example for the first group:
Linear mixed model fit by REML Formula: Dist ~ Age + (1 | Player) Data: subset(usage_big, Age >= 18 & Age < 22) AIC BIC logLik deviance REMLdev 3129 3146 -1560 3108 3121 Random effects: Groups Name Variance Std.Dev. Player (Intercept) 0.00010698 0.010343 Residual 0.02807594 0.167559 Number of obs: 482, groups: Player, 312 Fixed effects: Estimate Std. Error t value (Intercept) -2.5396933 0.0117872 -215.5 Age 0.1189821 0.0005701 208.7 Correlation of Fixed Effects: (Intr) Age -0.998
You can see that there were 482 observations (player-seasons) and 312 unique players. The intercept and slope that were found was -2.54 and +0.119, respectively. The positive slope represents improvement in terms of the distance metric as a function of age.
I repeated this analysis for each group, and compiled the following table of intercepts and slopes:
I then used these to create data points for each age. Essentially, I broke up a nonlinear function into four separate linear functions. I then used these to construct a smoothed version of an aging curve:
What this shows is that on average there is significant improvement from age 18 to about 25, a plateau period that lasts until age 30, and then fairly rapid decline afterwards. Not so unexpected based on what has been shown previously, but it's always good to see confirmation using alternative approaches. For good measure, I thought I would show a bunch of individual aging curves. Of course, not everyone follows exactly this pattern. Some players are age-defying, while others decline much more rapidly. You can click on the plots to enlarge them.